HAWAI?I FORESTRY & AGROFORESTRY TREES
Apr 07, · Arecanut Cultivation (Betel Nut/Supari) Guide: Arecanut Cultivation. Introduction of Arecanut Cultivation: The areca nut palm produces the common chewing nut which is popularly known as betel nut or supari. This nut is consumed in very large extent hence has great demand. In India, areca nut is very much linked with religious practices. Sap is a fluid transported in xylem cells (vessel elements or tracheids) or phloem sieve tube elements of a tiktokdat.com cells transport water and nutrients throughout the plant.. Sap is distinct from latex, resin, or cell sap; it is a separate substance, separately produced, and with different components and functions. Insect honeydew is called sap, particularly when it falls.
To find photographs of a tree species, click on the links on the scientific names below. There you may view thumbnail photos as well as larger images. To find a common name, use the "find in howw command in your browser. Many different trees may share a common name, for example, "ironwood" may refer to several different, unrelated how to make ice cream in 5 minutes. In some cases other Pacific Island names are included.
Common names in Hawaiian and other Pacific Island languages are spelled without diacritical marks the okina and kahako, in Hawaiianas some internet browsers do not support these.
These illustrations describe trees which have been most commonly planted in Hawaii. They are t recommendations. Some tree species, for example Falcataria what are brown spots on the skin called and Grevillea robustahave escaped cultivation and have become serious pests in natural forests in Hawaii.
Please do not plant trees which may become weeds in our natural ecosystems. The Weed Risk Assessment system is a process that has been developed by Dr. More information on the system is plsnt on the UH Botany webpage. In front of the forest is a field of giant swamp taro, Cyrtosperma merkusii. Coconuts Cocos nuciferabetel nut pepper Piper beteland many cultivars of banana Musa are also grown along with the betel nut.
Yap, Federated States of Micronesia. For more detailed information nutt the trees listed on this site, see the reference links below. Copyright Notice. These photographs may be freely used for yo purposes.
Please contact the photographer if you wish to duplicate any photographs for presentations, websites, or publications. Written permission of the photographer is required plamt any commercial use of any images on these pages. Photographs courtesy of J. Positive impact forestry is not intended to follow the path of modern agriculture, to plany forests into farms, or to remake forests in tre image of humans. If you require information in an alternative format, please contact us at: jbfriday hawaii.
List of species names and common names Acacia auriculiformisnorthern or Darwin black wattle Acacia confusaFormosa koa, small Philippine acacia, yanangi Palau Acacia koakoa Acacia koaiakoaia Acacia mangiumbrown salwood Acacia mearnsiisyn. Acacia decurrensblack wattle Acacia melanoxylonblackwood acacia Agathis robustaQueensland kauri Albizia chinensischocolate heart albizia, sauce tree, trse tree, siris Albizia lebbecksyn. Eucalyptus citriodoralemon scented gum Corymbia torelliana syn Eucalyptus torelliana blood leaf gum,cadaga Cryptomeria japonica hoq, Sugi pine, Japanese cedar Cunninghamia lanceolatasyn.
Cupressus how do i detox my liverMexican cypress, Portuguese cypress Cupressus macrocarpaMonterey cypress Dalbergia sissoosissoo, shisham Elaeocarpus angustifoliussyn. Elaeocarpus grandisblue marble, silver quandong Eucalyptus cloezianaGympie messmate Eucalyptus degluptabagras eucalyptus, rainbow gum, rainbow bark eucalyptus, kamarere, Mindanao gum, New Guinea gum, Indonesian gum, deglupta, amammanit eucalyptus Eucalyptus plzntDunn's white gum Eucalyptus how to plant betel nut treebluegum eucalpytus, southern bluegum, Tasmaniam bluegum Eucalyptus grandisrose gum, flooded gum Eucalyptus microcorystallowwood Eucalyptus robustarobusta eucalyptus, swamp mahogany eucalyptus, swamp messmate, beakpod eucalyptus Eucalyptus salignasaligna eucalyptus, Sydney bluegum eucalyptus, flooded how to make your woman climax Eucalyptus urophyllaTimor mountain gum Falcataria moluccanasyn.
Paraserianthes falcataria, Albizia falcataria, Molucca albiziaalbizia, Moluccan sau, white siris Flindersia brayleyanaQueensland maple, silkwood Fraxinus poanttropical ash, Mexican ash, Hawaiian ash, shamal ash, fresno Spanish Gliricidia sepium tree, madre de cacao, mother of cocoa, Nicaragua cocoa shade, Mexican lilac, kakawate Philippinesgamal Indonesia Gmelina arboreapaper tree, white getel, candahar, yamane Philippinesjati puti Indonesia Grevillea what is norms in culturesilk oak, silver oak, oka kilika, haiku keokeo Guaiacum officinalelignum vitae Heliotropium foertherianum formerly Tournefortia argenteatree heliotrope Inga feuilleiice cream mut Intsia bijugaifit Guam and Marianasifil Micronesiaifilele Samoafehi fisi Tongavesi Fijimerbau Indonesiaipil PhilippinesBorneo teak, Moluccan ironwood Khaya nyasicasyn.
Khaya anthothecaAfrican mahogany, East African mahogany Khaya senegalensisdry-zone tres, African mahogany, Senegal mahogany, khaya wood Leucaena diversifolia Leucaena leucocephalakoa haole, tangan-tangan Guam, CNMIipil-ipil Philippinesbeyel Indonesialeadtree Lophostemon confertussyn. Tristania confertabrushbox, Brisbane box, vinegar tree Mangifera indicamango, manako Hawaiiiedel Palaumanga Yapkangit Chuuk and Pohnpei.
Melaleuca quinquenerviapaperbark, cajeput tree But polymorphaohia, ohia lehua Morinda citrifolianoni, Indian mulberry Moringa oleiferamarunggay, malunggay, kalamunggay, horseradish tree Olea europaeawild olive, oliwa Pinus radiata syn. Pithecellobium dulceopiuma, Manila tamarind Pterocarpus indicusnarra, New Guinea rosewood, bluewater, sand dragon, Burmese rosewood Samanea saman, ohai, monkeypod tree, rain tree Santalum albumIndian sandalwood, sandal, white sandalwood tree, East Indian sandalwood Santalum paniculatumiliahi, sandalwood Senna siameasyn.
Cassia siamea, Siamese cassia treee, pheasantwood, Thailand shower, kassod tree Sequoia sempervirensredwood Swietenia macrophyllabig leaf mahogany, large leaf mahogany, Honduras mahogany Swietenia mahagonismall leaf mahogany, West Indies how to make a roblox ad, Cuban mahogany, Dominican mahogany Syncarpia glomuliferaturpentine tree Syzygium malaccensemountain apple, Malay apple, ohia ai Hawaiiacpuhl, Kosraeahia Societiesapel Pohnpeiarfatlh, harafath, faliap, faliyap Yap yow, faariyap, fasniyaap, feniyap Chuukfekakai Niuefekika kai Tongajambosier rouge, poire de Malaque, pomme Malac, pomme de Malaisie, pomme de Tahiti Frenchkaika Cookskafika Uvea, Futunakavika Fijikeika Mangarevakehia Southern Marquesaskehika, kehika inana Northern Marquesaskidel Palaumakupa Guamnonu fiafia Samoa How to plant betel nut tree donnell-smithiisyn.
Roseodendron donnell-smithiiGoldtree, primavera Tamarindus indicaplat Tectona grandisteak, Bangkok teak Terminalia catappaIndian almond, tropical almond, false kamani, kamani haole, kamani ula. Terminalia myriocarpajhalna, beyel Thespesia populneamilo Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Samoa, Tongaportia tree, Pacific rosewood, seaside mahoe, Indian tulip tree, badrirt Palaubanalo Northern Marianasbang-beng Yapkilulo Guammio Marquesasmiro, amae Rarotonga, Society Islandsmulomulo Fijipanu Kosraepolo Chuukpone Pohnpei Toona ciliataAustralian toon, Australian redcedar, Indian mahogany References For more detailed information about the trees listed on this site, see the reference links below.
The largest free database of information on forestry and agroforestry trees, worldwide. Images of Plants of Hawaiinative and introduced, on the Starr Environmental website. The Traditional Tree Initiative plqnt traditional agroforestry trees in the Pacific. Forestry Images includes digital images of forestry, forest pests, tree species, silviculture, invasive species, and wildlife, primarily for use in educational programs.
References Little, Elbert L. Agriculture Handbook No. Washington, D. Currently out of print [May ]. CAB International. Forestry Compendium Global Module. Elevitch, C. Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands.
Etymology. The word Arecaceae is derived from the word areca with the suffix "-aceae". Areca is derived from Portuguese, via Malayalam ??????? (a?aykka), which is from Proto-Dravidian *a?-ay-kkay (“areca nut”). The suffix -aceae is the feminine plural of the Latin -aceus ("resembling"). Morphology. Whether as shrubs, tree-like, or vines, palms have two. Betel Nut Palm (Areca catechu) One of the most interesting uses for palms involves the chewing of seeds from the betel nut palm (Areca catechu). This palm is native to Malaya, but extensively cultivated throughout India, southeastern China, the East Indies, and the Philippines where the seeds (called betel nuts) are chewed. Betel nut is the seed from a tall thin palm from Southeast Asia that is often chewed, wrapped in betel pepper leaf and smeared with lime, as a gentle stimulant. Clove, cinnamon, or cardamom is often added for flavor. Betel nut grows best in lowlands with abundant moisture and slightly acid soil.
Exotics evoke mystery of foreign origin. The wide array of fruit and flowering trees listed in this section contain plants unfamiliar to some. By providing horticultural, cultural and general information about these plants, we hope to encourage people to seek out and try these varieties and consider adding them to their orchards and gardens as welcome additions to the yard. Native to the Amazon, Abiu is tropical in its requirements, needing a moist, warm climate.
Abiu is a smallish tree growing 12 to 15 feet tall, with long, light green leaves. The baseball-sized fruits are round or can be slightly oblong depending on the variety , and are bright yellow when ripe.
Acerola fruit has one of the highest natural amounts of ascorbic acid or vitamin C, just one will satisfy the daily adult requirements.
The fruit is tart and makes an excellent jelly. The attractive pink blooms are followed by the bright red, juicy, cherry-like fruits and are abundant on the bush-like trees several times a year. Acerola is very adaptable and thrives with regular care and fertilization. Keep pruned to about 10 feet for easy harvest throughout the year. Dwarf Apple Bananas are a popular fresh eating banana in Hawaii. The fruit is known for its tart, sweet flavor and thin skin and have a long shelf life and are excellent for drying as they do not brown in the process.
The trees are tolerant to wind, and grown best in the moist lowlands with good drainage, but are very adaptable and grow well in most climates in Hawaii. Bananas grown faster, healthier and produce bigger fruiting stalks when fertilized regularly. Betel nut is the seed from a tall thin palm from Southeast Asia that is often chewed, wrapped in betel pepper leaf and smeared with lime, as a gentle stimulant. Clove, cinnamon, or cardamom is often added for flavor. Betel nut grows best in lowlands with abundant moisture and slightly acid soil.
Fertilize the trees regularly with a balanced fertilizer. The palm will begin to bear in about five years. There is also a compact, dwarf variety that is easy to harvest. Bilimbi is a relative of Carambola or Starfruit but is very different in taste, flavor, and appearance. The tree is attractive and grows to 10 to 15 feet.
The flowers are small and fragrant and will emerge right on the trunk and oldest branches, followed by the pickle shaped tart fruits. They are similar in taste to a tart apple. The fruit is mostly used in curries, chutney, jelly or pickling. Ripe fruit will only keep a few days after picking. The fruit is ready to pick when the skin changes from bright green to yellow-green.
Trees grow best below 1, feet and are not tolerant to salt. Black Sapote, a close relative of the persimmon, is chocolate-colored with the texture of a soft peach. The tree can be grown in higher elevations.
It grows tall up to 20 feet in the lowlands and about half as tall when grown in higher elevations. The tree is native to Mexico and is one of their most popular fruits. It is a beautiful tree with large glossy green leaves with unusual flowers and takes about five to seven years to begin bearing.
Blueberries can be grown in most climates and elevations in Hawaii. The low-chill varieties produce an abundant amount of delicious berries throughout the year. The bushes can reach 3 to 6 feet in height, with flowers and berries on the terminal branch ends.
For best fruit production, plant two or more varieties for cross pollination in an acid soil. Some recommended varieties are ' Sharp Blue', 'Jewel', and 'Emerald. The Brazilian Cherry is considered the best of the Eugenias. The skin is thin, firm and exudes dark-red juice. The white pulp is juicy and tastes much like a true sub-acid or sweet cherry.
It is usually eaten fresh but can be made into jam, jelly and wine. The hardy, adaptable tree stays small and compact and fruits several times a year. The interval from flowering to fruiting is short, and the fruit ripens quickly and all at once.
The trees are sensitive to herbicide. Breadfruit is an equatorial lowland species that grows best below elevations of 1, feet, but is found at elevations of 2, feet. Trees grow best with rainfall is 60 to inches per year, and soils that are neutral to alkaline.
Breadfruit is an important crop in Hawaiian culture with an abundance of preparations from sweet to savory dishes to more modern applications such as flours and hummus. Breadfruit can be very productive and bear fruit for up to 60 years. They are good sources of potassium, fiber, calcium and Vitamins A and C.
Cacao seed is the basis for commercial chocolate or cocoa. It is native to Central America and was sacred to the Aztecs. The tree produces football-shaped pods about 8 inches long directly on the trunk and branches.
They are ready to pick when the skin turns either red or yellow depending on variety. Inside are numerous large 20 to 50 seeds covered with a white fruity pulp. The cacao tree is a small evergreen 10 to 12 feet that grows best with high humidity, deep rich soil, and at least 60 inches of rain per year. Cacao prefers the lowlands below 2, feet. Young trees require partial shade until they are at least four feet tall and can be interplanted with bananas or palms.
Cacao is long lived and can produce for up to 50 years. Cardamom spice is the seed in the flower pods from a tall willowy ginger. The orchid-like flowers are small and on stalks that usually trail along the ground. The spice is used in flavoring curries, coffee, cakes, bread, and other sweets. Cardamom is a among the world's most expensive spices and is also used in perfumes, to flavor liqueurs, and medicinally as a stimulant. It grows well in our tropical rainforest climate.
The plants should begin to produce flowers in about three years. The leaves die back in the winter and emerge each spring. Cinnamon is an ancient spice with roots dating back to 2, BC.
It has a wide variety applications ranging from baked goods and drinks to incense and perfumes, and is a wonderful tea for a cough. The inner bark of the smaller branches is the part used to make the spice. Cinnamon can be grown easily in Hawaii with adequate rainfall.
Cinnamon trees are very sensitive to herbicide, mulch is a better weed control. Prune to encourage a bushy tree that is easy to harvest. Cinnamon is a rich source of vitamin K, Iron and Calcium.
Cloves, believed to be a native of Indonesia, are beautiful and graceful trees, with stellar pink and yellow new leaves all year round. Cloves are slow-growing trees that do best on deep volcanic soils with abundant rainfall and good drainage, they can be grown at most elevations throughout the state. The trees and leaves are very fragrant and the developing flower bud is dried and used as the spice. Cloves are used whole and ground in a variety of sweet and savory applications as well as in tinctures and cosmetic applications.
Coffee is native to tropical Africa and is grown for its berries which are picked, pulped and processed to produce a dried seed which is roasted. Coffee is a dark green, small tree, growing to 15 feet unpruned. Many commercial trees are kept at half that height. There is a dwarf C. Arabica called ' Cattura'. It is a highly productive tree with high quality beans. Coffee is grown in most Hawaii climates. The trees require regular fertilization.
Local companies process and roast homegrown coffee for clients to sell or give as gifts. The Curry Leaf is a thick bush or small tree with small leaves. It is grown primarily in southern India for its aromatic leaves, an essential ingredient in Madras curry. The leaves can be used fresh or dried in cooking, the oils are often used in soaps and cosmetics, and the fruit can be eaten fresh.
The plant bears clusters of attractive white flowers with purple fragrant seeds developing afterward. It grows well in Hawaii with adequate water and regular fertilization at most elevations in the state.
It is an attractive bush and can be kept small next to an herb garden. Figs are delicious and easy to grow. Figs are eaten fresh, made into preserves, cakes and dessert fillings.
The small deciduous trees grow in most areas of Hawaii, although too much rainfall can stall its growth. The fruit is borne on the new flush several times a year. Do not be alarmed when the tree loses its leaves in the winter, new growth and fruit will appear soon after.
Guavas range from sweet to acidic, with the acid varieties grown for juice and processing, and the sweet varieties for fresh eating.
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