White supremacy's gross symbol: What the "the stars and bars" really represent -- and why
In flag of the United States of America The design of the Stars and Bars varied over the following two years. On May 1, , the Confederacy adopted its first official national flag, often called the Stainless Banner. A modification of that design was adopted on March 4, , about a . Stars and Bars Flag – By USA Flag Co. Leave a Comment The official flags, established by the Confederate States for use during the Civil War, contained, as might be expected, the colors red, white and blue, and Stars and Stripes. Naturally, this flag was not called the Stars and .
Civil War Era Flags what flag is called the stars and bars on this page are available for purchase from my friends at U. Flag Depot, Inc. The First Official Flag of the Confederacy. Although less well known than the "Confederate Battle Flags",the Stars and Bars was used as the official flag of the Confederacy from March to May of The pattern and colors of this flag did not distinguish it sharply fom the Stars and Stripes of the Union.
Consequently, considerable confusion was caused on the battlefield. The Confederate Battle Flag. It was carried by Confederate troops in the field which were the vast majority of forces under the confederacy. The Stars represented the 11 states actually in ie Confederacy plus Kentucky and Missouri.
The second Flg Flag of what flag is called the stars and bars Confederacy. On May 1st, a second design was adopted, placing the Battle Flag also known as the "Southern Cross" as the canton on a white field. This flag stxrs easily mistaken for a white flag of surrender especially when the air was calm and the flag hung limply. The flag now teh 13 stars having been joined how to debug in asp net by four more states, Virginia April 17,Arkansas May 6,Tennessee May 7,North Carolina May 21, Efforts to secede failed in Kentucky and Missouri though those states were represented by two of the stars.
Abrs third Official Flag of the Confederacy. On March 4th, a short time before the collapse of the Confederacy, a third pattern was adapted; a broad bar of red was placed on the fly end of the white field.
Confederate Navy Jack : Used as a sgars jack at sea from onward. This flag has become the generally recognized symbol of the South. Note : It is necessary to disclaim any connection of these flags to neo-nazis, red-necks, skin-heads and the like. These groups have adopted this flag thee desecrated it by their acts. They have no right to use this flag - it is a flag of honor, designed by the confederacy as a banner representing state's rights and still revered by the South.
In fact, under attack, it still flies over the South Carolina capitol building. The South denies any relation to these hate groups and denies them the right to use the flags of the confederacy for any purpose. The crimes committed by these groups under the stolen banner of the conderacy only exacerbate the lies sstars link the seccesion ks slavery interests when, from a Southerner's view, the cause was state's rights.
Note contributed by BJ Meksikatsi. Lee After four years of arduous service, marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude, the How to get rid of smoke smell from car of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources. I need not tell the survivors callled so many hard-fought battles who have remained steadfast to the last that I have consented to this result from no distrust of them; but feeling adn valor and devotion could accomplish nothing that could compensate for the caled that would have attended the continuance of the contest, I determined to avoid the useless sacrifice of those whose past services have endeared them how to put on training wheels their countrymen.
Nad the terms of the agreement, officers and men can return to their homes and remain until exchanged. You may take with you the satisfaction that proceeds from the consciousness of duty faithfully performed, and I earnestly pray that a merciful God will extend to you his blessing and protection.
With an unceasing admiration of your constancy and devotion to your country, and a grateful remembrance of your kind and generous consideration of myself, I bid you all an affectionate farewell. He was a stxrs without hate; a friend without treachery; a private citizen without wrong; a neighbor without reproach; a Christian without hypocrisy, and a man without guilt. He was a Caesar without his ambition; a Frederick without his tyranny; a Napoleon without his selfishness; and a Washington without his reward.
He was obedient to authority as a servant, and loyal in authority as a true king. He was gentle as a woman in life; modest and pure as a virgin in thought; watchful as a Roman vestal in duty; submissive to law as Socrates, and grand in battle as Achilles. There came a time, less than a hundred whay ago, when the people nars this country disagreed so bitterly among themselves that some of them felt they could not go on living with the rest.
A test of arms was made to decide whether Americans should remain one nation or become ad. The armies of those who believed in two nations were led by a man named Robert E. What about Lee? What kind of man was he who nearly split the history of the United States down the calked and made two separate books of it?
They say you had to see him to believe that a man so fine could e,xist. He was handsome. He was clever. He was brave. He was gentle. He was generous and charming, noble and modst, admired and beloved. He had never failed at anything in his annd soldier's life.
He was a born winner, this Robert E. Except for once. In the greatest contest of his life, in the war beween the South and the North, Robert E. Lee lost. Now there were men who came with smouldering hars to Lee and said: "Let's not accept this result as final.
Let's keep our anger alive. Let's be grim and unconvinced, and wear our bitterness like a medal. You can be our leader in this. He had commanded thousands of young men in battle. Now he wanted to prepare a few hun- dred of them for the duties of peace. So the countrymen of Robert E. Lee saw how a calleed winner loses, and it seemed to them that in defeat he won his most lasting victory.
There is an art of losing, and Robert E. Lee is its finest teacher. In a democracy, where opposing viewpoints regularly meet for a test of ballots, it is good for all of us to know how to lose occasionally, how to yield peacefully, for the sake of freedom. Lee how to call canada from new zealand our master in this.
The man who fought against the Union showed us what unity means. Site Key:.
Last flag with 13 stars (November 28, – May 1, ) The Confederacy's first official national flag often called the Stars and Bars, flew from March 4, , to May 1, It was designed by Prussian -American artist Nicola Marschall in Marion, Alabama, and resembled the Flag of Austria, with which Marschall would have been tiktokdat.comd: March 4, (first 7-star version), November 28, (final star version). The First Official Flag of the Confederacy. Although less well known than the "Confederate Battle Flags",the Stars and Bars was used as the official flag of the Confederacy from March to May of The pattern and colors of this flag did not distinguish it sharply fom the Stars and Stripes of the Union. Consequently, considerable. Jul 10, · In , a contest called on designers to create the Confederacy’s national flag. The winning design, dubbed the “Stars and Bars,” had three horizontal stripes, two .
The official flags, established by the Confederate States for use during the Civil War, contained, as might be expected, the colors red, white and blue, and Stars and Stripes. Naturally, this flag was not called the Stars and Stripes.
It partook of the more euphonious appellation, Stars and Bars. The first Confederate Flag was adopted March 4, , consisting of three stripes, alternate red and white, of equal width and a square canton of blue with seven stars, white five-pointed, in a circle, being one star for each state than in secession. That flag was a square field of red with a saltire cross of blue with thirteen white five-pointed stars on the arms of the cross.
Many persons in both armies had firmly believed that each side had used as a stratagem the flag of his opponent. The General presented the flags, with a few martial words, to the Colonels who were expected to respond briefly. The adoption of the Southern Cross as a Battle flag, the objection to the Stars and Bars, and an objection raised to the Southern Cross that it could not be used reversed in naval service as a signal of distress, prompted the formal adoption by the Confederate Congress in April, , of a new design of flag; being a white field, twice as long as its width, with the Battle flag as a canton in form of a square of two-thirds of the width of the flag, the thirteen stars remaining, although there were only eleven Confederate states.
The stars were officially designated as five-pointed stars in all of the Confederate flags. Comrades—Your committee, appointed by Special Order No. The Hon. Porcher Miles, for the Committee on Flag and Seal of the Confederacy, made a report to the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, March 4, ; with this report was submitted the selected design.
Why should the committee attempt to design a flag when it thus had the model of the flag decided on in their possession? Moreover, the report to Congress does not claim that the committee designed, but only submitted a model. Two claimants have filed their claims with your committee, and submitted evidence which each honestly believes substantiates the claim made, to wit:. Orren Randolph Smith, of Louisburg, N. C, presented by his devoted daughter.
Miss Jessica R. Nicola Marschall in , of Marion, Ala. Chappell Cory, of Birmingham, Ala. There has been some evidence of State rivalry being injected into this contention. Your committee deplores this. It has eliminated such in forming judgment, and desired only to ascertain the truth. Your committee desires to state that it has no intention of doubting, or in the slightest degree impugning, the veracity of either claimant or of those testifying.
It believes each is endeavoring to tell the truth. But memory, after the lapse of fifty years, is most unreliable. The testimony submitted will be considered from three standpoints, which your committee thinks exhaustive:.
That of contemporaneous or local opinion of the facts. On this point both claimants submit testimony, of more or less strength, that it was the belief in of persons residing in the immediate vicinity of the residence of the claimants that each of said claimants had submitted the chosen design. The evidence is so even, and the point of so little value, in view of other evidence, that we need not follow it up further. That of the direct evidence of parties, other than the claimants, as to such designing and submission thereof to the Flag Committee of the Confederate Congress.
There is no evidence whatever submitted to show that any person, except Mr. Marschall himself, ever saw his design, or knew it was submitted to the Congressional Committee. Even were it proven, as stated in evidence, as the belief of some of the witnesses, submitted by Mrs.
Cory, that Mr. Marschall made a design for Mrs. Lockett, and that she gave said design to Governor Moore, Governor of Alabama , this would not warrant any assumption that Governor Moore gave it to the Confederate Congressional Committee, for this Committee was one of a Congress with whose duties the Governor of Alabama had nothing whatever to do. Cory states that she does not deny that Major Smith submitted a design. Besides this, nine parties testify as to a flag-raising, in Louisburg, N.
Cory also states she does not deny. The evidence on this second point overwhelmingly favors the claim of Major Smith. That of statements personally made by the claimants. But very important evidence is submitted impeaching the recollections of Mr.
In his affidavit, Mr. Marschall also claims to have designed the Confederate uniform, as well as the flag. This uniform Major Fontaine wore when a member of said command, during the siege of Sevastopol, and that was adopted as the basis for the Confederate uniform.
If Mr. Therefore, we cannot place that reliance, which we otherwise would, upon his statement, based on a memory which is thus proved not reliable. The evidence of this point alone, without regard to No. Reviewing the evidence, it is shown that in the place of residence of each claimant, the people gave each of said claimants the credit of designing the flag. This is very natural. Many historical truths, and many historical myths, are supported by like beliefs. The claimants for Mr.
Marschall voluntarily state that they do not deny that Major Smith sent a model to Montgomery. There is no evidence to show, that anyone testifying, saw Mr. If it was handed to Governor Moore, of Alabama, it by no means indicates that it ever reached, or even was intended for, the Congressional Committee.
The memory of Major Smith stands unchallenged, while that of Mr. Marschall is undoubtedly incorrect, as to his recollection of designing the uniform, and is not therefore inapt to be as to designing the flag. Your committee is not, from the evidence before it, convinced that Mr. Marschall ever submitted a design for the flag. The evidence does show that Major Smith did submit a design, which is admitted by Mrs. Your Committee is convinced that Major Smith did submit a design.
Your Committee beg to transmit herewith the entire evidence submitted to it, which it fears is too lengthy for publication in our minutes, but it appends, as Exhibits, a brief synopsis thereof. Respectfully submitted, Signed C. Claim of Miss Jessica R.
Smith, as to her father. Generals C. Irvine Walker, John P. Hickman and Thomas Green, Sr. Evidence proving this claim is herewith submitted.
Major 0. Smith, during his life, clearly claimed the honor and described in detail its conception, what it stood for and how made. His high character and truthfulness is evident in Exhibits 10, 11, The model for the flag, which model was sent to the Confederate Congress, at Montgomery, Alabama, was designed by Major 0.
Smith and made, under his direction, by Mrs. Catherine Rebecca Winborne. She testifies as to making this model and that said model was sent to the Confederate Congress, at Montgomery, Alabama. See Exhibit 2. Sue Jasper Sugg testifies she saw Mrs. Winborne making the flag for Major Smith, which he had designed to be sent as a model for the Confederate flag, to Montgomery, and also the large flag of the same design, which was raised at Louisburg.
See Exhibit 3. Testimony as to the veracity of both the above affiants are appended to said affidavits. Jones, Mrs. Emma Spencer and Mr. Adam Ball gave affidavits bearing the same testimony as Mrs. Winborne and Mrs. See Exhibits 4, 5, 6. The local opinion in and around Louisburg, N. C, was very decided and general that Major 0. Smith designed the Stars and Bars Flag.
Contemporary evidence of a fact generally believed is very apt to be correct. Smith also had a large flag made by Mrs. Winborne, such flag being a duplicate of the model she had previously made, and was sent to Montgomery and was adopted as the Confederate Stars and Bars Flag. In evidence of this, see her affidavit. Exhibit 2, and that of Mrs.
There are quite a number of affidavits, testifying to this and Mrs. Sugg see Exhibits 2 and 3 say was exactly like the model sent to the Confederate Congress by Major Smith, and was raised at Louisburg. They generally prove, in addition to the fact that the Stars and Bars Flag was raised in Louisburg, North Carolina, March 18th, , that the flag raised was the Confederate flag, and was believed to have been designed by Major O. See Exhibits 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, 15,
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