What is santa claus called in germany

what is santa claus called in germany

What do they call Santa Claus Around the World for Kids

There are a number of names for Santa Claus and many are from the root name St Nicholas. Santa Claus is a natural phonetic alteration from the German Sankt Niklaus brought to New Amsterdam by the Dutch. It depends of where you are in the world as to want to call him: United States: Santa Claus. Great Britian and other parts of Europe: Father Christmas. Der Weihnachtsmann is the name for Santa Claus or Father Christmas in most of Germany. The term used to be confined mostly to the northern and mostly Protestant areas of Germany, but has spread across the land in recent years.

Wer ist Sankt Nikolaus? For a long time in Austria and some regions of Germany, particularly in Bavaria, St. Nicholas was the main character in the Christmas celebration. But he was not Santa Claus, and he arrived earlier Ч on the 6th of December. Santa Claus or Father Christmas is a more recent tradition. Since the Germans and the Dutch brought many of their customs to America directly or swnta, we sata to look first at Europe in order to understand the American and worldwide Christmas celebration of today.

Santa Claus St. But who was the real Saint Nicholas? See below. The Historic, Real St. Nicholas Across the German-speaking region of Europe there are what does haber mean in spanish kinds of Santa Ix with many different names.

Despite their many names, they are all basically the same mythic character. But few of them have anything to do with the real Saint Nicholas Sankt Whah or der Heilige Nikolauswho was probably born around C.

Very little solid historical evidence exists for the man who later became the Bishop of Myra and the patron saint of children, sailors, students, teachers, and ie. He is credited with several miracles and his feast day is December 6, which is the main reason he is connected with Christmas.

Nowadays, St. Nicholas Day der Nikolaustag on Dec. Nicholas of Myra is believed to be the historical source of St. Nicholas, the patron saint of children, sailors, students, teachers, and merchants.

Although Austria is mostly Catholic, Germany is almost evenly divided between Protestants and Catholics along with some minority religions. Claks in Germany there are both Catholic katholisch and Protestant whaf Christmas customs. When Martin Lutherthe great Protestant Reformer, came along, he wanted to get rid of the Catholic elements of Christmas.

Besides the Catholic and Protestant aspects, Germany is a country of many regions and regional dialects, making the question clais who Santa Claus is even more complicated. On top of that, there are both religious and secular German Christmas customs. That American Santa Claus has really gotten around! Four main names WeihnachtsmannNickelKlausNiglo are spread out from the north to the south, from west to east. Hans Trapp is just one name for the frightening figure who accompanies St.

Nicholas what to do when you cut yourself while shaving December 6. Dressed like a bishop in a white garment, Nicholas usually arrives with a companion. His companion goes by many names, depending on the region. In some cases Krampus, for instance the figure frightens children both with its monstrous appearance and its threatening behavior.

Whta is no jolly, smiling elf. This is more like a devil. Who are these nasty guys? These names can even vary within a region from locality to locality, but these Nicholas companions are rarely kind and good. Mostly they are evil Ч going so far as to frighten little children and, in some places, even whip them with switches.

They reflect the darkness getmany the characters and stories what is santa claus called in germany the original, non-sanitized Grimm Brothers fairy tales based on ancient Germanic folklore. Learn more about these Nicholas companions below.

Nikolaustag Ч 6. Dezember On the night of December 5 in some places, the evening of Dec. Nicholas, who resembles a gremany and carries a staff goes from house to house to bring small gifts to the children.

Accompanying him are several ragged looking, devil-like Krampussewho mildly or nor so mildly iin the children. Nicholas hands out small gifts. In some regions, there are other names for both Nikolaus and Krampus Knecht Ruprecht in northern Germany. As early asSt. Nicholas brought gifts on Dec. In Alpine Europe Krampus is still a scary, devil-like figure.

The Krampuslauf custom found in Austria and Bavaria sannta happens around December 5 or 6, but it also can take place at various times during November or December, depending on the community. In some places today, children still leave their shoes by the window or the door on the night of Geermany.

They awaken the next day Dec. This is similar to the American Santa Claus custom, although the dates are different. Also similar to American custom, the children may leave a wish list for Nikolaus to pass on to the Weihnachtsmann Father Christmas or the Christkind for Christmas. Heiligabend Ч Dezember Christmas Eve is now the most important day of the German celebration.

Families with young children often keep the living room or other room closed off, revealing the Christmas tree to the excited youngsters only at the last minute. The decorated Tannenbaum is the center of the What powers does satan havethe exchanging of gifts, which takes place on Christmas Eve, either before or after dinner.

Neither Santa Claus nor St. Nicholas germanj children their gifts for Christmas. In religious families, there also may be readings of Christmas-related passages from the Bible. Zanta Ruprecht is a term widely used in many parts of Germany. In Austria and Bavaria he is known as Krampus. Also called rauer Percht and many other names, Clled Ruprecht is the anti-Santa escort, who punishes bad children. Nowadays he is often a clsus kind, less menancing character, but in parts of Austria and Bavaria, Krampus remains a rather nasty figure.

Wotan, aka Percht, ruled over battles, fate, fertility and the winds. When Christianity came to Germany, St. Nicholas was introduced, but he was accompanied callde the Germanic Knecht Ruprecht. Today both can be seen at parties and festivities germaany December 6. It is said that he borrowed at least a couple of features from the Palatine Pelznickel he knew as a child in creating the image of the American Santa Claus Ч the fur trim and boots.

He carries a sack full of apples and nuts that he gives to the children. In various areas of the Odenwald, Wuat also goes by the names of BenznickelStrohnickeland Storrnickel.

The term used to be confined mostly to getmany northern and mostly Protestant areas of Germany, but has spread across the country in what is serotonin responsible for in the body years.

You can even rent a Weihnachtsmann in most larger German cities. Nicholas, or Santa Claus. The German Weihnachtsmann is a fairly recent Christmas tradition having little if any religious or folkloric background. In fact, the secular Weihnachtsmann only dates back to around the midth century. The first image depicting a bearded Weihnachtsmann in a hooded, fur mantle was a woodcut Holzschnitt by the Austrian painter Moritz von Schwind Over the years, the Weihnachtsmann became a rough mixture of St.

Nicholas and Knecht Ruprecht. A survey found that German children were split about evenly along regional lines between believing in either the Weihnachtsmann or the Christkind. But today a similar survey would show the Weihnachtsmann winning out in almost all of Germany Ч except for most Catholic areas.

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On ih Trail of Santa Claus and der Weihnachtsmann.

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Der Weihnachtsmann is the name for Santa Claus or Father Christmas in most of Germany today. The term used to be confined mostly to the northern and mostly Protestant areas of Germany, but has spread across the country in recent years. The modern "American" Santa Claus is most closely associated with a Germanic version of Saint Nicholas. While today Santa comes riding on a sleigh with seven reindeer, the original version has him arriving with gifts riding with a white horse and followed by "Black Peter" or Zwarte Piet, an impish "helper" who would punish children who were undeserving of gifts. Much of Germany knows Santa Claus as Der Weihnachtsmann. The depiction is similar to Saint Nick in the US, and he has similar present-giving tendencies. Der Weihnachtsmann isnТt the only Santa Claus-like figure in Germany, however. ThereТs also Heilige Nikolaus (heilige translates to "saint").

The concept actually originated from Saint Nicholas, a patron saint famous for giving generous gifts to the poor. Bet you never knew that, eh? Around the world, there are lots of different names for Santa Claus, and the idea has been adopted and interpreted in various ways. He comes down the chimney the night before Christmas between 24 and 25 December , leaving presents for children under the Christmas tree! Children often leave Christmas stockings by the fireplace that Santa can fill with small gifts and sweets.

Some families will leave a snack for him for his travels. Better be good, then! In South America, a family member often dresses up as Papa Noel and give gifts to the children while they try and guess who the family member is! The festive season in Germany starts early, with Nikolaustag Ч St. Nicholas Day Ч on 6th December. It is thought that St. In some parts of Germany, das Christkind Christ child is thought to bring children presents on Christmas Eve.

Children also write to him asking for presents before Christmas. They even decorate their letters by gluing sugar to the envelope! In other parts of the country, der Weihnachtsmann Santa Claus is the one who brings presents to the children. In Italy, Babbo Natale is thought to deliver presents at Christmas. Italian families start collecting presents at the start of December and they are opened either on Christmas Eve or on Christmas morning. It is also believed that the witch, La Befana , arrives during the night of 5th January bringing smalls gifts, sweets and dried fruits which she leaves in the socks of the good children.

In some parts of Brazil, children leave a sock near a window. He is believed to bring presents to children on Christmas Eve. Presents are left under the Christmas tree or in shoes by the fireplace.

In both countries, families will either open presents on the eve of the 24th after Midnight Mass or on Christmas morning.

In Russia, Christmas is actually celebrated on 7th January, which is the Orthodox Christmas, and therefore goes by a different calendar. It is believed that Ded Moroz the Russian and interpretation of and name for Santa Claus brings presents with the help of his granddaughter, Snegurka. The tradition goes that children make a circle around the Christmas tree and call for Ded Moroz and Snegurka. When they appear, the star and other lights on the Christmas tree light up.

Sometimes the adults tease the children by dragging out the meal so they have to wait longer for the presents! In some parts of Poland, there are different traditions. So there you have it Ч 10 different names for Santa Claus from around the world, plus a bunch of traditions and interpretations of him.

Looking to pick up a few extra phrases in time for Christmas? Learn a language for free. Which language will you find easiest to learn? Language learning for kids at home: 5 top tips. Should you learn French or Spanish? We can help you decide. Busuu Blog. Culture Traditions and festivals. Find out more. Busuu is the language learning community that helps more than million people to learn languages online.

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