Demography of Australia
Population Pyramids: Australia - Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1, women ages ). AUSTRALIA'S POPULATION IN THE WAY WE ARE AND THE WAYS WE MIGHT HAVE BEEN Rebecca Kippen and Peter McDonald This article examines the impact of post-war migration, the post-war baby boom, and the improvement in the life expectancy since the s on Australia.
The population of Australia was 19, as of Julywith a population density of about 2. Most of the population is concentrated along the southeast coast of the country, in an arc running wnat the city of Brisbane to the city of Adelaide. This arc is sometimes called the "boomerang coast" because of its shape. All of Australia's large cities those with more than 1 million people —Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide—are on the coast.
The population living inland more than kilometers, or miles, from the coast is rather small, and a large part of this region, called the Outback, is extremely sparsely populated. Australia's population is mostly urbanized, with about 88 percent of its people living in an urban area.
Sydney alone has over 20 percent of the country's people. Australia's population has become increasingly multicultural. In Australia is still a land of immigrants and each year attracts new residents from how to place bets on the kentucky derby over the world.
Fewer than 3 percent of the population is identified as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander the latter tne a Melanesian group native to northern Queensland. The country's population has doubled since World War II. With the exception of rapid growth shortly after the war, Australia's population growth has been steady at around 1 to 1. The population in was The country's population is expected to reach 21 million by Pf Australian government has not found the need to create explicit population controls, given this slow rate of increase.
Australia has a slowly aging population, with 21 percent between the ages of67 percent betweenand 12 percent over the age of Toggle navigation. Photo by: Kamaga. User Contributions: 1. Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: Name:. E-mail: Show my email publicly.
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Population aged years The population aged years, which encompasses much of the working-age population, made up 67% of Australia's population in This proportion would increase over the first ten years of the projection under all the main series to reach 68% in Because of restrictions on parent migration Australian-born and the age criterion in the skilled Total Australia Figure 4: Comparison of actual and projected population, Australia, People and Place, vol. 8, no. 3, , page 13 Figure 5: Projected population, Australia, to Table 2: Scenario by population. Oct 05, · The population of Australia was 19,, as of July , with a population density of about people per square kilometer ( people per square mile). Most of the population is concentrated along the southeast coast of the country, in an .
The demography of Australia covers basic statistics, most populous cities, ethnicity and religion. The population of Australia is estimated to be 25,, as of 26 April Its population is concentrated mainly in urban areas and is expected to exceed 28 million by Australia's population has grown from an estimated population of between , and 1,, Indigenous Australians at the time of British colonisation in due to numerous waves of immigration during the period since. Also due to immigration, the European component's share of the population rose sharply in the late 18th and 19th centuries, but is now declining as a percentage.
Australia has an average population density of 3. This is generally attributed to the semi-arid and desert geography of much of the interior of the country. Australia does not generally collect data on "race" as such. However, the Australian census asks respondents to nominate their ancestry , including whether respondents identify as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
Australia contains five cities that consist of over one million people. Most of Australia's population live close to coastlines. The earliest accepted timeline for the first arrivals of indigenous Australians to the continent of Australia places this human migration to at least 65, years ago,  most probably from the islands of Indonesia and New Guinea. Captain James Cook claimed the east coast for Great Britain in , the west coast was later settled by Britain also.
At that time, the indigenous population was estimated to have been between , and ,,  divided into as many as tribes speaking many different languages. Between and the Second World War , the vast majority of settlers and immigrants came from the British Isles principally England , Ireland and Scotland , although there was significant immigration from China and Germany during the 19th century.
In the decades immediately following the Second World War, Australia received a large wave of immigration from across Europe , with many more immigrants arriving from Southern and Eastern Europe than in previous decades.
Since the end of the White Australia policy in , Australia has pursued an official policy of multiculturalism ,  and there has been a large and continuing wave of immigration from across the world, with Asia being the largest source of immigrants in the 21st century. In the Australian census, the most commonly nominated ancestries were: [N 1]  . At the census, , people 2. Australia's population has quadrupled since the end of World War I,  much of this increase from immigration.
The following table shows Australia's population by country of birth as estimated by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in It shows only countries or regions or birth with a population of over , residing in Australia. For more information about immigration see Immigration to Australia and Foreign-born population of Australia. Australia was, historically, a majority Protestant nation with a large Catholic minority.
While Australia has no official religion, the various governments of Australia refer to the Christian God in their ceremonies, as do the various Australian Courts. In the census, In an optional question on the Census, Historically the percentage has been far higher and the religious landscape of Australia is changing and diversifying.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics Census Dictionary statement on religious affiliation states the purpose for gathering such information:. Data on religious affiliation are used for such purposes as planning educational facilities, aged persons' care and other social services provided by religion-based organisations; the location of church buildings; the assigning of chaplains to hospitals, prisons, armed services and universities; the allocation of time on public radio and other media; and sociological research.
As in many Western countries, the level of active participation in religious services is lower than would be indicated by the proportion of the population identifying themselves as affiliated with a religion; weekly attendance at Christian church services is about 1.
The Catholic education system is the second biggest sector after government schools, with more than , students and around 21 per cent of all secondary school enrolments. Although Australia has no official language, English has always been entrenched as the de facto national language. According to the census, English is the only language spoken in the home for close to The next most common languages spoken at home are:  . Over Indigenous Australian languages are thought to have existed at the time of first European contact, of which less than 20 are still in daily use by all age groups.
The earliest accepted timeline for the first arrivals of indigenous Australians to the continent of Australia places this human migration to at least 40, years ago. These first inhabitants of Australia were generalised as hunter-gatherers , who over the course of many succeeding generations diversified widely throughout the continent and its nearby islands in over different nations. Although their technical culture remained static—depending on wood, bone, and stone tools and weapons— they developed intricate agricultural systems and carefully managed their environment to ensure ongoing sustainability.
In addition to this their spiritual, LORE system of law and social life was highly complex. Most spoke several languages, and nation groups sometimes linked widely scattered tribal groups. Aboriginal population density ranged from approximately one person per 3 km 2 1 sq mi along the coasts to one person per 90 km 2 35 sq mi in the arid interior.
Food procurement was usually a matter for the nuclear family, requiring an estimated 3 days of work per week.
Dutch navigators landed on the coasts of modern Western Australia and Queensland several times during the 17th century. The west coast was later settled by Britain also. At that time, the indigenous population was estimated to have been between , and ,,  divided into many tribes speaking many different languages.
In the census , , respondents declared they were Aboriginal , 31, declared they were Torres Strait Islander , and a further 21, declared they were both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Since the end of World War II, efforts have been made both by the government and by the public to be more responsive to Aboriginal rights and needs. Note that population estimates in the table below do not include the Aboriginal population before Estimates of Aboriginal population prior to European settlement range from , to one million, with archaeological finds indicating a sustainable maximum population of around , The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman.
It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. The following figures show the total fertility rates since the first years of British colonisation. The crude birth rate is the total number of live births per 1, population in a year.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Median age of the Australia population through history. In , the total fertility rate of Australian-born women was 1. Source: Our World in Data .
As of February , the population growth rate was 0. The following figures are ABS estimates for the resident population of Australia, based on the and Censuses and other data. At the time of Australian Federation in , the rate of natural increase was The rate increased to a peak of During the Great Depression , the rate declined to a low of 7. Immediately after World War II, the rate increased sharply as a result of the start of the post—World War II baby boom and the immigration of many young people who then had children in Australia.
A rate plateau of over There has been a fall in the rate of natural increase since due to falling fertility. In , the rate of natural increase was In the rate of natural increase fell below seven for the first time, with the downward trend continuing in the late s. Population projections by the Australian Bureau of Statistics indicate that continued low fertility, combined with the increase in deaths from an ageing population, will result in natural increase falling below zero sometime in the mids.
However, in the fertility rate rose to 1. Since , the crude death rate has fallen from about In March , there was 43, adults imprisoned in Australia, which was an incarceration rate of prisoners per , adult population. In June , there was about minors imprisoned in Australia on an average night.
As of , Indian Australians were the highest educated migrant group in Australia with As of June [update] , the population density of Australia was reported as 3. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Demographics of Australia. Overview of the demography of Australia. Main article: List of cities in Australia by population. Largest populated areas in Australia data from Australian Bureau of Statistics . Main article: Australians.
English These should not be combined as they are not combined in the source. Main article: Religion in Australia. Religion in Australia  Religion Percent No religion. Main article: Indigenous Australians. See also: States and territories of Australia.
Source:     . Main article: Punishment in Australia. Australia portal. The Australian Census collects information on ancestry, but not on race or ethnicity. Indigenous identification is separate to the ancestry question on the Australian Census and persons identifying as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander may identify any ancestry.
Australian Bureau of Statistics website. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 23 July The population estimate shown is automatically calculated daily at UTC and is based on data obtained from the population clock on the date shown in the citation. Retrieved 28 December Retrieved 11 September People's Daily Online.
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